Pipe Fittings are piping components that aid in pipe routing by allowing for directional changes, size changes, and branch connections. Elbows, Reducers, Tee Connections, Olet Connections, Caps, Crosses, and so on are all examples of fittings. Pipe fittings are commonly used in the piping and plumbing industries. Depending on the layout or process requirements, different pipe fittings serve different functions. Pipe fittings are manufactured separately and must be purchased separately. To connect pipe fittings to piping, various end connections are used. Pipe fittings are critical to the proper operation of pipes and tubes in a variety of applications. This article will provide an overview of the various types of pipe fittings used in the piping, pipeline, and plumbing industries.
Different types of SS 304L Pipe Fittings are available in plumbing systems for various purposes and functions. In a plumbing system, a pipe fitting connects multiple pipes of the same or different sizes, regulates or measures flow, and joins multiple pipes of the same or different sizes. They are made of a variety of materials, including copper, iron, brass, PVC, and others. It is also used to provide potable water in buildings that can be used for drinking and other purposes. This entails supplying water to the kitchen and toilet outlets via a pipe distribution system, also known as plumbing pipes.
Types of pipe fittings used in plumbing systems:
An elbow is commonly used to change the direction of liquid flow between two pipes. If the two pipes have different diameters, the elbow is referred to as a reducer. Elbows are available in two angles: 90-degree and 45-degree. Elbows are typically threaded or welded to the pipes.
This SS 317L Pipe Fittings reduces flow by making it smaller. There are two kinds of reducers. The concentric reducer connects two pipes that share the same axis, whereas the eccentric reducer connects pipes of different diameters. Concentric reducers resemble cones, whereas eccentric reducers resemble bells with offset center lines. They keep air bubbles from forming in the pipes.
To connect pipes of the same diameter the coupling is used. Coupling is also useful if the pipe is broken or there is a leak. There are two types of couplings are available. Slip coupling and compression coupling are two types of coupling. Compression coupling is a regular coupling that connects two pipes and prevents leakage by arranging gaskets or rubber seals on both sides unless glue is used. Slip coupling is simpler to install and consists of two pipes arranged one into the other, with the inner pipe sliding up to a certain length. As a result, we can repair a long length of damaged pipe with a slip coupling.
In terms of functions, this type of pipe fitting is almost identical to a coupling, with the exception that a union can be easily removed at any time, whereas a coupling cannot. To avoid galvanic corrosion between pipes made of different materials, a variety of dielectric unions are used to join them. These pipe fittings are made up of a nut, female- male ended threads, and a nut.
Tee fitting connects three pipes of the same or different diameters. Typically, they serve the purpose of distributing the flow from one pipe to two other pipes in opposite directions. Flow from two pipes is sometimes combined to flow in a third pipe. In other words, a tee can connect one inlet to two outlets or two inlets to one outlet. Tee fittings are available in both perpendicular and inclined configurations.
Cross fittings have four openings in four directions. When four pipes meet at a point, these are connected. Because they are located in the center of four connection points, these fittings cause more stress on the pipe as the temperature changes. Cross fittings are commonly found in fire sprinkler systems.
- Plug & Cap
To close the pipe during repair work, a plug and a cap are used to stop the flow in the pipe. They both serve the same purpose, but the difference is in their construction: the plug has male threads while the cap has female threads.
Adaptors connect pipes of different types. Because an adaptor can be male or female on one end, it can be used to convert a pipe from male to female.
This is a pipe fitting that is used to connect two other pipe fittings that are already in place. It usually has male threads running through it.
Hoses and pipes are joined together by barbs. It is typically male on one end. The other is a ridged and tapered cone with a barbed tube. It could also have a clamp to keep it secure. Barbs are made of plastic when transporting cold water and brass when transporting hot water.
If the pipe dimensions are insufficient to use any pipe fittings (for example, if the diameter of the pipe is too large in comparison to the diameter of the fittings available), we use olets to properly insert the pipe fitting. Various olets are available and they are:
- Socket weld Olet
- Threaded olet
- Elbow olet
- Nipple olet
- Lateral olet
- Flange olet